ResearchPublished 1 August 2018
Exploring successful breastfeeding strategies for young mums
This World Breastfeeding Week (August 1-7), Massey University researchers share knowledge from a recent study that explored the experiences and resilience of young mothers that breastfed exclusively to six months or beyond.
Two years ago when she graduated from Massey, Dr Eva Neely walked across the stage to receive her PhD with her new baby in a front pack and her three-year-old in tow. “My eldest daughter was born during my PhD, and I worked through sleep deprivation and guilt, so it only felt appropriate to take her up there with me too.”
Dr Neely and Dr Christina Severinsen, from Massey’s School of Health Sciences, carried out the research and are currently working through the findings of a study that aimed to identify the strategies that made breastfeeding successful for young mothers, across a broad range of situations.
Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant’s life is a universally acknowledged public health goal, but New Zealand’s breastfeeding rates drop steeply to around 25% at six months. Dr Neely says young mothers are often represented in a negative light in terms of their mothering capabilities and for breastfeeding, young mothers are seen to be ‘at risk’ and unsuccessful.
In the study, in-depth interviews were carried out with 44 young mothers who had breastfed their babies for more than six months. Through narrative analysis, the stories of participants are used to explore determinants of successful breastfeeding.
Dr Severinsen says participants reflected on their breastfeeding intentions, initiation and support of breastfeeding, social and environmental influences, overcoming challenges and changes over time. “Preliminary results indicate that mothers identified their key reasons for success and offered suggestions for supporting young mothers in their breastfeeding journeys, including social support and equitable access to free lactation consultant services.”
The research collected in the study will be used to identify the services, strategies and support systems across multiple levels that act as enablers of breastfeeding survival in young mothers and inform the development of breastfeeding promotion strategies.
On a personal level, Dr Neely says she has always been supported to bring her babies to work, particularly while breastfeeding. “I have also been lucky enough to do my hours as I wish to support this, and consequently was able to continue breastfeeding, which my two and a half year-old still enjoys today. If we want a New Zealand in which mothers are truly supported to breastfeed their babies, we need more of this acceptance around mothering and work. Children are part of our lives, and leaving home to go to work doesn’t eliminate those needs.”
Additional information: Massey University press release
Eva Neely, Christina Severinsen