Ethics and integrity
Researchers are expected to behave in an ethically-responsible manner in their activities. In practice, ethics and integrity in the research community has several components.
In New Zealand there is one professional code specific to the research community, our Royal Society Te Apārangi Code of Professional Standards and Ethics. Members of the Society are bound to obey it, and it is used on a voluntary basis by others.
Working with human subjects
In New Zealand, research involving the collection of personal information must meet established standards of practice. Many research organisations use ethics committees, including independent lay members, to review and approve proposals for their adherence to good practice.
Working with animal subjects
In New Zealand, research involving the use of animals must meet established standards of practice. New Zealand is a member of the Australia New Zealand Council for Care of Animals in Research and Teaching (ANZCCART).
Publication ethics include matters such as plagiarism, self-plagiarism and falsification of published results. The Committee on Publication Ethics is an international body that has established a model of best practice.
Public engagement by researchers, scholars and scientists
Modern society expects to be able to openly discuss and debate research findings, and sometimes to participate in the design and execution of research and its dissemination. As Royal Society Te Apārangi, we have published Public Engagement Guidelines for Researchers, Scholars and Scientists for such engagement.
Research integrity is a term used to describe the adherence to good ethical standards during the conduct of research, excluding the aspects of publication and working with human and animal subjects. The Royal Society of New Zealand’s Code of Professional Standards and Ethics includes research integrity.